One Stop Border Post (OSBP)


The OSBP refers to the legal and institutional framework, facility and associated procedures that enable goods, people and vehicles to stop in a single facility in which they undergo necessary controls following applicable regional and national laws to exit one State and enter the adjoining State.

An OSBP is the application of joint controls to minimize routine activities and duplications across borders.
OSBP is a border management model that promotes a coordinated and integrated approach to;

Concept of OSBPs
The OSBP concept consists of four pillars:

  1. Legal and Institutional Framework:
    It is generally agreed that the application of national laws is limited to the territory of a state. OSBPs rely on the principle of extraterritorial application of laws, which allows a state to extend the application of specific national laws outside its own territory.
  2. Simplification and Harmonization of Procedures:
    Implementing an OSBP requires simplifying and harmonizing border crossing procedures rendering an OSBP effective.
  3. ICT and Data Exchange
    ICT is a critical component of collaborative single window systems, simplification of documentation, border management, and modernization of customs, immigration, and related services.
  4. Hardware Infrastructure
    This includes OSBP facilities such as offices for border officials, operational equipment, warehouses, and parking.

Rationale for OSBPs
The major reason for establishing OSBPs along transport corridors is to expedite the movement of goods and people, and to reduce transport costs across national boundaries;
At an OSBP, passengers, cargo and vehicles stop once to undertake border crossing formalities to exit one Partner State and enter the other;
All border formalities and the processing of documentation for goods and passengers are carried out in a single clearance hall for exiting one Partner State and entering the adjoining State;
If cargo inspection is required, to the extent possible, it is done at once through a joint inspection involving all the necessary agencies from both Partner States at the same time.

OSBP Principles
In order to achieve its goal, the following principles govern the functioning of an OSBP:


There are three types or models of OSBPs:
• Juxtaposed Model
• Straddled Model
• Wholly located model (Single Country)

Juxtaposed Model
Under the juxtaposed model, State A and State B share facilities in the country of entry. This implies that passengers and cargo stop only once in the country of entry for both exit and entry formalities. Exit formalities must be done before undertaking entry formalities, e.g Taveta/Holili and Malaba/Malaba.
All OSBP offices in Tanzania are of Juxtaposed Model

Straddled Model
This is where a single facility is built across the border line for the two adjoining states to share
Similarly, passengers and cargo stop once but start with exit formalities before undertaking entry formalities. e.g Nemba/Gasenyi

Wholly located model (Single Country)
Is the (common) single country model, i.e, an OSBP wholly located in one of the two adjoining states, a single shared border facility is constructed in one of the countries to house officers from both countries to carry out border controls e.g Ruhwa

Current Working OSBPs:
• Holili/Taveta
• Namanga/Namanga
• Rusumo
• Mutukula
• Tunduma/Nakonde


Benefits of OSBPs
To the National governments


To the Border Control Agencies


To the Road Transport Operators, Shippers, and Customs Agents

To Manufacturers and Traders


Travelers and Tourists

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